– CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (CRC)
The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and opened it for signature on 20 November 1989 (the 30th anniversary of its Declaration of the Rights of the Child).
It came into force on 2 September 1990, after it was ratified by the required number of nations.
Italy has ratified the CRC through Law n. 176 of 1991. For more information, click here
Two Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child were adopted: the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in Armed Conflict (OPAC) and the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, child prostitution and child pornography (OPSC).
The two Optional Protocols were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on the 25 May 2000 and came into force three months later: OPAC on 18 January 2002 and OPSC on 12 February 2002.
Italy has ratified both the Optional Protocols through Law n. 46 of 11 March 2002.
SUMMARY RECORDS: Meetings between Committee on the Rights of the Child and Italian Government rappresentatives
The State party report is usually discussed in public meetings of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (UN CRC Committee), during which both the State representatives and Committee members take the floor. Relevant United Nations bodies and agencies are represented. During these meetings Summary records are produced.
LIST OF ISSUES RAISED BY UN CRC COMMITTEE TO ITALY
The UN CRC COMMITTEE, at the end of the pre-session, may send to the respective Government through diplomatic channels a List of Issues.
Download the List of Issue on the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Sale of Children, child prostitution and child pornography: Questions for the State party to be taken up in connection with the consideration of the report of Italy, Forty-first session, 9-27 January 2006
ITALIAN GOVERNMENT REPLY TO LIST OF ISSUES
In order to facilitate the efficiency of the dialogue, the UN CRC Committee requests the State party to provide the answers to its List of Issues in writing and in advance of the session, in time for them to be translated into the working languages of the UN CRC Committee.
Download the Written Replies by the Government of Italy to the List of Issues to be taken up in connection with the consideration of the initial Report of Italy, Forty-second session, 15 May – 2 June 2006
CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD
The Concluding Observations include suggestions and recommendations to the State Party on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child made by the UN CRC Committee and contain the following aspects: introduction; positive aspects (including progress achieved); factors and difficulties impeding the implementation; principal subjects for concern; suggestions and recommendations addressed to the State party.
The Concluding Observations are made public on the last day of a Committee session during the adoption of the report, of which they form a part. Once adopted, they are made available to the States parties concerned, and also issued as official documents of the UN CRC Committee.
At present the UN CRC Committe has concluded the exam of 4 Government Reports presented by Italy, two regarding the implementation of the CRC (in 1995 and 2003) and the other two regarding the Optional Protocols (2006):