CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (CRC)

The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and opened it for signature on 20 November 1989 (the 30th anniversary of its Declaration of the Rights of the Child).

It came into force on 2 September 1990, after it was ratified by the required number of nations.

Italy has ratified the CRC through Law n. 176 of 1991. For more information, click here

Download the text of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

 OPTIONAL PROTOCOLS

Two Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child were adopted: the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in Armed Conflict (OPAC) and the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, child prostitution and child pornography (OPSC).

The two Optional Protocols were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on the 25 May 2000 and came into force three months later: OPAC on 18 January 2002 and OPSC on 12 February 2002.

Italy has ratified both the Optional Protocols through Law n. 46 of 11 March 2002.

 SUMMARY RECORDS: Meetings between Committee on the Rights of the Child and Italian Government rappresentatives

The State party report is usually discussed in public meetings of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (UN CRC Committee), during which both the State representatives and Committee members take the floor. Relevant United Nations bodies and agencies are represented. During these meetings Summary records are produced.

Download the Summary Record of the 840th Meeting held at the Palais Wilson, Geneva, on Thursday, 16 January 2003, at 10 a.m.

Download the Summary Record of the 1125th Meeting (Chamber B), held at the Palais Wilson, Geneva, on Tuesday, 16 May 2006, at 10 a.m.

Download the [Summary Record of the 1127th Meeting (Chamber B), held at the Palais Wilson, Geneva,on Tuesday, 16 May 2006, at 3 p.m.

 LIST OF ISSUES RAISED BY UN CRC COMMITTEE TO ITALY

The UN CRC COMMITTEE, at the end of the pre-session, may send to the respective Government through diplomatic channels a List of Issues.

Download the List of Issue on the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Sale of Children, child prostitution and child pornography: Questions for the State party to be taken up in connection with the consideration of the report of Italy, Forty-first session, 9-27 January 2006

 ITALIAN GOVERNMENT REPLY TO LIST OF ISSUES

In order to facilitate the efficiency of the dialogue, the UN CRC Committee requests the State party to provide the answers to its List of Issues in writing and in advance of the session, in time for them to be translated into the working languages of the UN CRC Committee.

Download the Written Replies by the Government of Italy to the List of Issues to be taken up in connection with the consideration of the initial Report of Italy, Forty-second session, 15 May – 2 June 2006

 CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

The Concluding Observations include suggestions and recommendations to the State Party on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child made by the UN CRC Committee and contain the following aspects: introduction; positive aspects (including progress achieved); factors and difficulties impeding the implementation; principal subjects for concern; suggestions and recommendations addressed to the State party.

The Concluding Observations are made public on the last day of a Committee session during the adoption of the report, of which they form a part. Once adopted, they are made available to the States parties concerned, and also issued as official documents of the UN CRC Committee.

At present the UN CRC Committe has concluded the exam of 4 Government Reports presented by Italy, two regarding the implementation of the CRC (in 1995 and 2003) and the other two regarding the Optional Protocols (2006):

Concluding observations, 17 November 1995

Concluding observations, 31 January 2003

Concluding observations – OPSC, 2 June 2006

Concluding observations – OPAC, 2 June 2006


RIGHTS OF CHILDREN IN ITALY – PERSPECTIVES IN THE THIRD SECTOR, SECOND SUPPLEMENTARY REPORT TO THE UNITED NATIONS

The Second Supplementary Report to the United Nations produced by the Italian NGO Group for the CRC was published on November 2009 in Italian and translated into English on October 2002.

The Report is an abridged version of the Report published in Italian by Gruppo CRC in November 2009. In the abridged version, the analysis of the context and phenomenological aspects have been shortened, the notes containing references to documents or websites exclusively in Italian have been eliminated, and reference to the specific parties to whom they were addressed have been replaced by “ the Government”.

Download ”Rights of Children in Italy – Perspectives in the third sector, Second Supplementary Report to the United Nations”

 RIGHTS OF CHILDREN IN ITALY – PERSPECTIVES IN THE THIRD SECTOR, SUPPLEMENTARY REPORT TO THE UNITED NATIONS

The first Supplementary Report to the United Nations produced by the Italian NGO Group for the CRC was published on November 2001 in Italian and translated into English on October 2002.

The Supplementary Report is therefore a tool through which the Third Sector expresses its opinion on the implementation of the principles embodied in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).

The report is the result of an important debate and dialogue within the Italian Third Sector, where for the first time, consensus has been reached in interpreting and analyzing the rights of the child. It represents a summary of the many contributions and perspectives offered by the organizations and associations that work with and for children in Italy. It represents the first step toward the creation of a common platform for independent monitoring of the implementation of the CRC.

Download ”Rights of Children in Italy – Perspectives in the third sector, Supplementary Report to the United Nations”

 SUPPLEMENTARY REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE OPTIONAL PROTOCOLS ON THE CRC IN ITALY

In 2004 the Italian government drafted and sent to Geneva a report on the implementation of the Optional Protocols (Ops) for consideration by the Committee on the Rights of the Child (UN CRC Committee). In 2005 the Italian NGO Group for the CRC presented the Supplementary Report on the implementation of the two CRC Optional Protocols, submitted to the UN CRC Committee and discussed during the pre-session of the 6th October.

Download the Supplementary Report on the Implementation of the Optional Protocols on the CRC in Italy

MONITORING PROCESS OF THE CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF RACIAL DICSRIMINATION

In 2008 the Italian NGO Group for the CRC contributed to the monitoring process of the Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination CERD-> http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cerd/]: a delegation of the Italian NGO Group for the CRC, itogether with the Italian Committee for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, presented to the members of the Committee, during a Lunch Time Briefing, an [extract of the 3rd CRC Report adressing the issue of racial discrimination against children.


Under article 44, paragraph 1 (a), of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) the State Party should submitt to the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) a periodic report on the implementation of the Convention every five years, within two years after the Convention has entered into force for the State party concerned.

At the moment Italy has presented the following Governmental Reports:

1st Periodic Report of the Italian Government, February 1995

2nd Periodic Report of the Italian Government, November 1998

3rd-4th Periodic Report of the Italian Government, January 2009. Currently, the pubblication is only in Italian.

Italy has also presented Initial Reports on the Optional Protocols:

Initial Report of the Italian Government on the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (OPAC), 14 July 2005

Initial Report of the Italian Government on the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Sale of Children, child prostitution and child pornography (OPSC), 15 July 2005


GUIDELINES FOR THE STATE PARTY REPOSRTS

Under article 44, paragraph 1 (a), of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) the State Party has to submit to the Committee on the Rights of the Child (UN CRC Committee) a periodic report on the implementation of the CRC every five years, within two years after the Convention has entered into force for the State party concerned.

UN CRC Committee has aimed at structuring the reporting process and the dialogue with the State party in such a way that issues of principal concern are dealt with in a methodical and informative manner. For this purpose the Committee has prepared guidelines regarding the form and content of initial reports and periodic reports on the CRC and the Optional Protocols.

These guidelines are public and have been disseminated to all States parties concerned.

Download the General guidelines regarding the form and content of initial reports to be submitted by States

Download the General guidelines for periodic reports

Download the Guidelines regarding initial reports of States Parties to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in Armed Conflict (OPAC)

Download the Guidelines regarding initial reports of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, child prostitution and child pornography (OPSC)

GUIDELINES FOR NGO REPORTS

Under article 45, paragraph (a), of the CRC “The Committee may invite the specialized agencies, the United Nations Children’s Fund and other competent bodies as it may consider appropriate to provide expert advice on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within the scope of their respective mandates. […] to submit reports on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within the scope of their activities.”

These Reports are defined as alternatives and supplementary to the Governmental Report.

Download the Guidelines for non-governmental organizations Reporting to the Committee on the Rights of the Child edited by the NGO Group for the CRC.

Committee on the Rights of the Child has also produced Guidelines for the participation of NGOs and individual experts in the pre-session working group of the UN CRC Committee.

Download the Guidelines for the partecipation of NGOs

The Italian NGO Group for the CRC produced a Guide for Italian NGOs.

The Guide for monitoring the CRC was developed to provide a working tool for NGOs involved in the promotion and protection of the rights of the child, so that they may have an indepth knowledge of the principles and the monitoring mechanism of the Convention of the Rights of the Child.

To read the Guide for monitoring the CRC, click here. The pubblication is only in Italian.